osha ladder safety

Ladders shall not be used on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet to prevent accidental displacement. Types of Ladders. This combination of safe equipment and its safe use can eliminate most ladder accidents. Do not stand on the three top rungs of a straight, single or extension ladder. When portable ladders are used for access to an upper landing surface, the ladder side rails shall extend at least 3 feet (.9 m) above the upper landing surface to which the ladder is used to gain access; or, when such an extension is not possible because of the ladder's length, then the ladder shall be secured at its top to a rigid support that will not deflect, and a grasping device, such as a grabrail, shall be provided to assist employees in mounting and dismounting the ladder. Avoid using a metal ladder near power lines or exposed energized electrical equipment. What does this cover? The minimum perpendicular clearance between fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and any obstruction behind the ladder shall be 7 inches (18 cm), except in the case of an elevator pit ladder, for which a minimum perpendicular clearance of 4 1/2 inches (11 cm) is required. Cross-bracing on the rear section of stepladders shall not be used for climbing unless the ladders are designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections. Proper training on safe ladder use, such as inspecting the condition of the ladder before use, are important components of an effective ladder safety … For side-step fixed ladders, the side rails and the steps or rungs shall be continuous in the extension. Mountings for flexible carriers shall be attached at each end of the carrier. Ladders shall be used only for the purpose for which they were designed. OSHA rules cover all step ladders, straight ladders and extension ladders whether they are wood, fiberglass or metal. Falls happen for a number of reasons. The area around the top and bottom of ladder must be kept clear. OSHA’s safety regulations on ladders include a wide range of ladder height, angle and spacing restrictions. The requirement to withdraw a defective ladder from service is satisfied if the ladder is either: Marked in a manner that readily identifies it as defective; Or blocked (such as with a plywood attachment that spans several rungs). Avoid over reaching with this quick ladder safety tip. Never use a damaged ladder… Safety Rules for Ladder Use •Always inspect the ladder for damages before use. Also, the rules can vary by ladder type (fixed versus portable). Ladder sections shall be offset from adjacent sections, and landing platforms shall be provided at maximum intervals of 50 feet (15.2 m). The top of a non-self-supporting ladder shall be placed with the two rails supported equally unless it is equipped with a single support attachment. Ladders shall not be loaded beyond the maximum intended load for which they were built, nor beyond their manufacturer's rated capacity. •Maintain 3-points of contact with the ladder. OSHA ladder safety rules and regulations exist because statistics show that workers are more likely to abuse and misuse ladders rather than use them correctly in the workplace. The following OSHA ladder inspection requirements are specified in their safety standards. Each portable ladder that is not self-supporting: At least four times the maximum intended load, except that each extra-heavy-duty type 1A metal or plastic ladders shall sustain at least 3.3 times the maximum intended load. Do not place a ladder on boxes, barrels or other unstable bases to obtain additional height. Tap to unmute. Ladders must not be loaded beyond the maximum intended load for which they were built nor beyond their manufacturer’s rated capacity. Always check a ladder before using it. Fixed ladders shall be provided with cages, wells, ladder safety devices, or self-retracting lifelines where the length of climb is less than 24 feet (7.3 m) but the top of the ladder is at a distance greater than 24 feet (7.3 m) above lower levels. You can reduce the hazards by using the best practices in these resources. Be sure that all locks on an extension ladder are properly engaged. A device, other than a cage or well, designed to eliminate or reduce the possibility of falls from ladders. A ladder placed in any location where it can be displaced by other work activities must be secured to prevent displacement or a barricade must be erected to keep traffic away from the ladder. If the normal step-across distance exceeds 12 inches (30 cm), a landing platform shall be provided to reduce the distance to the specified limit. (The requirements to have guardrail systems with toeboards for falling object and overhead protection on platforms and landings are set forth in subpart M of this part.). The OSHA standard for ladders (29 CFR 1926.1053) describes the safety requirements for working with and maintaining different kinds of fixed and portable ladders. Portable ladders with structural defects, such as, but not limited to, broken or missing rungs, cleats, or steps, broken or split rails, corroded components, or other faulty or defective components, shall either be immediately marked in a manner that readily identifies them as defective, or be tagged with "Do Not Use" or similar language, and shall be withdrawn from service until repaired. Do not move or shift a ladder while a person or equipment is on the ladder. Inspect wood ladders for cracks or splits. Pay attention to their surroundings m ) in length and Health Administration download the ladder designed purposes eliminate reduce... 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